fbpx

Stress urinary incontinence: The embarrassing symptom

Stress incontinence Topic
FB Dr Soarawee
Soarawee Weerasopone, MD

Minimally Invasive Uro-Oncologist
Royal Phnom Penh hospital, Kingdom of Cambodia

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is an involuntary sudden urine loss related with the increasing of intra-abdominal pressure. SUI extremely affects patient’s quality of life by making them lack self-confidence in social interacting because of the pungent smell of the urine deriving very closely to their noses. The patients will always come to Urology office accompanied with the complaining of urine leaking by these stimulating causes.

Cough
Urine leakage during coughing is a classical sign of stress incontience.
  • Coughing
  • Laughing
  • Sneezing
  • Straining from the exercise or lifting a heavy object
Lifting object
Lifting a heavy object can precipitate urine leakage.

The etiologies of SUI can be divided into 2 major causes.

  1. Pelvic floor muscle dysfunction – While the complex human pelvic floor muscle plays a major role in continence system, so anything which interfere their function in consequences it will causes SUI.
    • Obesity – Another function of pelvic floor is lifting all intra-abdominal contents such as intra-abdominal fat, intestine, liver and spleen so the more obesity, the heavier intra-abdominal contents are, and these will lead to an earlier overall dysfunction of pelvic floor muscle.
    • Menopause – Estrogen hormone play major role in nourishing female urethral blood flow so lacking estrogen will lead to lacking continence function of female urethra.
    • History of pregnancy – Like I mentioned in obesity, the history of pregnancy is a temporary period of time which pelvic has to lift more weight than usual. The greater number of pregnancies the more risk of SUI.
    • Pelvic floor trauma after normal delivery – The normal delivery is a method which the fetus is passed through the mother’s pelvic region and this leading to inevitable natural pelvic floor dysfunction especially pelvic floor trauma is reported.
    • Chronic cough and constipation – Any chronic repetitive increased intra-abdominal pressure will boost up the degeneration process of pelvic floor muscle.
Obesity
More in abdominal fat will possibly lead to earlier dysfunction of pelvic floor
  1. Pelvic floor neuromuscular damaging from previous pelvic surgeries – Major intra-abdominal surgeries such as prostate cancer surgery can be resulted in postoperative SUI.
Major operation
Major intraabdominal surgeries can be resulted in postoperative SUI.

SUI is being reported and found more in female, around 15% in adult women complaint about the SUI, there’s only 60% in that have been seeking for a medical treatment. While patients visit at my office, a full history wills asking, a physical examination and the necessary laboratory test including imaging will be done to confirm the SUI’s diagnosis.

The treatment options will divide into 3 categories.

  1. Habitual treatment
    • Kegel exercises – 3 sets of 10 pelvic muscle contractions held for 10 seconds 3 times a day regularly.
    • Voiding Schedule – Schedule a regular’s urination.
    • Pessaries – is recommended in case intravaginal anatomical distortion is observed during physical examination.
Pelvic floor exercise
Pelvic floor exercise can improve SUI symptom.
  1. Medications
    • Anti-cholinergic can minimize bladder contraction.
    • Anti-depressant can boost up urethral contraction and closure.
    • Estrogen cream can nourish urethral mucosa which leading to improve continence function.
Medication
Trial of anti-incontinence tablet might be a good try.
  1. Surgical interventions
    • Urethral bulking agent injection
    • Mid-urethral sling procedure

The important messages that we would like to inform the SUI patients is that there’s no such a single management which is the best for every SUI patients like a tailor-designed, actually, it is the step-by-step management advisement and setting up a goal together with patients. If you got any questions, you could text me directly. Take care!

Free 1
Free 2
WhatsApp BW 3
Telegram Final
LINE

Topics on Female Urology

Transcient Topic

Transient Urinary Incontinence: Management

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common complaint at my Urology office. UI being defined as the involuntary leakage of urine, affects millions of people all over the world with the prevalence increasing in elderly. Patients more likely terrifying with their first episode of UI and trying to seek a medical profession for specific treatment. GoodContinue reading “Transient Urinary Incontinence: Management”

Stress incontience

Urge incontinence (UI): Urine leaking before getting to toilet

The definition of Urge urinary incontinence is a sudden sense of urinating which is very difficult to hold it, causing some urine leaking for sometimes. The etiology of UI can be categorized for 3 major causes. Overactivity of bladder muscle – Bladder is like water-pump its function is to contract all urine out of theContinue reading “Urge incontinence (UI): Urine leaking before getting to toilet”

Incontinence Topic

Urinary incontinence: General ideas

Urinary incontinence or involuntary urine leaking is our topic, and we are going to discuss about it today. I need to tell you that, this issue is not a life-threatening problem, but it was severity affect the quality of life if someone who experienced. This embarrassing symptom occurs more often as people get older. TheContinue reading “Urinary incontinence: General ideas”

Loading…

Something went wrong. Please refresh the page and/or try again.

One thought on “Stress urinary incontinence: The embarrassing symptom

Leave a Reply

en_USEnglish
%d bloggers like this: